Proper lighting and temperature
Proper lighting is a major factor in the care of orchid, it determines whether your plant to bloom.With a lack of light indoor pet is not enough power for the normal cycle of vegetation, at excessively intense illumination flower burns.
Orchid feels great day at the temperature of 18-27 degrees at night - 13-24 degrees.Prerequisite for the flowering of orchids - the difference is night and day temperatures.If the room is centrally heated, try to ensure that the plant cooler nights.Transfer the pot on the night in the cooler conditions is very good as distillation, the plant will soon release a new flower spike.Most orchids have the ability to withstand moderate temperature deviations.By lowering the tempe
rature should be reduced watering, with an increase - to increase.
Watering and humidity
orchids in nature are not in the water.Their roots can not stand water stagnation, the impact of salts in the water.In the intensity of irrigation affect humidity and air temperature, the phase of the growing season, the size of the pot, light intensity.Orchids tolerant to drying out of the soil than to waterlogging.Therefore, the substrate must have time to dry out between waterings.On the lack of moisture the plant react withered and shriveled leaves on waterlogging - sodden and yellowed leaves, rotten roots.
Reinforced watering orchids requires only during the release of the peduncle, and the flowering phase of active growth.Place the pot in a bowl of warm water for ten minutes, or water the plant heavily from the shower to the ground had completely wet, and excess moisture came out of the drainage holes.In both cases, you need to hold the orchid on the grid, all the water to flow, but then you can put the pot to its original location.
optimum humidity should be 60-80%.If you have a home dry air, then you can use trays with slatted bottom, filling the bottom of the water, putting it on top of the drainage layer of pebbles or gravel.The roots of the plants and the bottom of the container should not touch the water.In hot weather, the flower is recommended to spray warm water from the sprinkler.
Transplanting and fertilizing
overgrown beyond pot green plants serves as a signal to the fact that the flowers you want to change.To make this manipulation is necessary only after the orchid bloomed, I rested a little (that is, at the very beginning of a new period of growth).Carefully remove the plant from the pot, take care not to damage the roots, remove virtually all the old ground, cut with scissors or dried roots rotted.
pot should be a couple of centimeters in diameter, more than the previous capacity.Place the bottom layer of expanded clay, pour a little of the substrate for orchids, gently place the orchid in a pot, pour fresh soil.The substrate has to fill the space between the roots of a flower.Lightly press the soil, not too Tighten it.Growing point must not be covered with soil.Gently pour the warm water of the indoor pet, put on a few days in the shade.
Orchids need to be balanced and regular fertilizing.It is desirable to acquire for this purpose special fertilizers intended for orchids.Breed them, according to the enclosed instructions.Feeding contract in the cold season and a period of rest.