No matter who will be engaged in the foundation, professionals or yourself, you first need to select the option to install the base.The foundation of a solid basis for more thorough veranda, which is scheduled to operate in winter.Easier base is more suitable for small buildings, which are located on low ground.This could be the construction of an outdoor terrace.


What to consider when building the foundation?




basis for the veranda - the most important element of the whole structure.That he would have to bear a load from the structure itself and the part of the soil. not link into one foundation and basis for the balcony to avoid uneven subsidence of the main premises and other outbuildings.



As for the depth of the trench for pouring concrete, then it must be the same as that of the one rummaging everything for the foundations of the house.If the land on which the house is located, is characterized by high mobility of the soil, it is best to make the pier foundation.



the study of the quality of the soil layer in the area should take into account several factors, namely:

- the homogeneity of the earth;

- bond strength of soil particles;

- moisture capacity of the land. If you do not take into account these criteria, make a solid foundation of quality and fail.



Building a foundation for the porch




to start counting is performed internal and external borders of the base of future construction, given its length and width, plus an additional 200 mm. During markup Be sure to check the diagonal, which must be perfectly smooth.



After marking can begin to prepare the trench, the plane to be scanned on the horizontal using gidrourovnya.The minimum depth of the trench is 300 mm.


finished in a trench filled layer of 50 mm of sand, on top of which is placed a stone quarry.Along the perimeter of the pit exposed timbering from boards on the inside of which should draw the line.It will show the highest possible level of pouring concrete.The inside of the casing is filled with binding wire.


Now you can prepare the concrete.To this mixed three parts sand, gravel five parts to one part cement.Water is added as needed.Pour ready-mixed concrete is necessary at once, without making large time gaps.Further construction of the veranda can continue only after the complete drying of the concrete.