types of sewer systems
That which autonomous sewerage system is necessary and sufficient for your family is determined by the needs and operating conditions.Today, there are many options for different cost and design features.The most simple and accessible include the so-called cesspools.Not so long ago, 20 years ago, they were the most popular choices of sewage systems and used as weekend homes, and in private households.The design of it is primitive - over the excavated pit, which had to be cleaned out periodically, established a small wooden or brick closing from inside the bo
oth.Poor sanitation, lack of any comfort and an unpleasant smell - this is an incomplete list of the disadvantages of such a system.In the absence of resources and use in the summer at the cottage version, you can select that option.
Recently cottages set on toilets, for comfort no different from the usual townspeople bathrooms in apartments.They can also be put inside the house at any suitable for this room, but for their operation requires special preparations to the same poisonous.In addition, there is a problem with waste disposal - brimming containers require constant cleaning.
most widely currently receive multi-chamber septic tanks, which are used for the production of concrete rings and camera, special storage tanks and even a large-diameter tires of heavy vehicles.These systems are good that organic sewage coming from the house and outbuildings are a multi-level cleaning efficiency is as high as 75%.But even when using a specially added in the settling chamber bacterial septic also require additional treatment, which, depending on the load, must be carried out every 3-5 years.Septic tank installed as suburban areas, enjoyed all year round, and in private homes.
new technology to completely do without the services of sanitary workers, implemented in modern systems of deep biological treatment.They are, depending on the estimated number of people staying in the building constantly have different performance and a high degree of purification - up to 98%.Needless to say that such systems have many advantages over the other?Firstly, it is saving water for irrigation - for it is possible to use purified water that has passed through the deep cleaning, is absolutely environmentally friendly.The resulting solid fraction of the system are also used as fertilizer.The system operates quietly and there are no unpleasant odors are released, all processes are fully automated and do not require additional monitoring and human intervention.It can be operated on the grounds of any type and at any time of the year at temperatures from -50 to + 40 ° C.The solids were removed by the drain pump, it needs to be done every six months.
What kind of sewage system to select
most popular system, which currently can be seen in suburban areas, and a number of private houses, is a multi-chamber septic installation, made of concrete rings.Its advantage is the availability and low cost of building materials - precast concrete rings of different sizes, exactly the same that are used in the construction of wells.Properly done sealed septic tank is completely maintenance free, does not emit odors, and the degree of purification is easily enhanced by the use of special bacteria decompose organic matter in the purified and clarified water and compost.
The disadvantages are that it requires a lot of space for a full three-chamber system, and the need for special equipment and tools in the process of transportation and installation of concrete rings.In addition, the efficiency of cleaning depends on the level of ground water, which may increase considerably reduce its quality. for septic installation standards exist - they must not be located closer than 30 meters from the nearest well, and from the river they must be separated 10 minutes walking speed.
At the same time, the station of deep biological treatment for all its virtues are very expensive and their use in season stays economically unjustified.Their cost is directly dependent on the number of people living in the house. biological treatment stations designed for service from 3 to 20 people, the cost of these units - from 60 to 200 thousand rubles.
therefore decide which system is better, you should be subject to the conditions of use, as there is no clear answer.But now that you know all the advantages and disadvantages of self-contained sewage systems, your choice will be literate and thoughtful.